TURTLE ISLAND

Some commonly used words and definitions.
These come from the Concise Oxford Dictionary

Algonquin – 1. - a member of a North American Indian people living in Canada along the Ottawa River and its tributaries. 

Negotiation1. - the act or process of negotiating. 2. - a conference or discussion designed to produce an agreement. 

Representative1. - typical of a class or category. 2. - containing typical specimens of all or many classes. 3 a. - consisting of elected deputies etc. b - based on the representation of a Nation etc. by such deputies. 4. - serving as a portrayal or symbol of. 5. - that presents or can present ideas to the mind. 

Nation1. - a community of people of mainly common descent, history, language, etc., forming a state or inhabiting a territory. 2. - a tribe or confederation of tribes of North American Indians. 

Tribe1. - a group of families or communities, linked by social, economic, religious or blood ties, and usually having a common culture and dialect and a recognized leader.
2
. - any similar natural or political division. 

Chief1 a. – a leader. b – the head of a tribe.

I would like to add -

Nation Representative - A representative of a nation.

Some commonly used terminology generally used by -

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC).

Aboriginal peoples: The descendants of the original inhabitants of North America. The Canadian Constitution recognizes three groups of Aboriginal people — Indians, Métis and Inuit. These are three separate peoples with unique heritages, languages, cultural practices and spiritual beliefs.

Aboriginal rights: Rights that some Aboriginal peoples of Canada hold as a result of their ancestors' long-standing use and occupancy of the land. The rights of certain Aboriginal peoples to hunt, trap and fish on ancestral lands are examples of Aboriginal rights. Aboriginal rights vary from group to group depending on the customs, practices and traditions that have formed part of their distinctive cultures.

Aboriginal self-government: Governments designed, established and administered by Aboriginal peoples under the Canadian Constitution through a process of negotiation with Canada and, where applicable, the provincial government.

Aboriginal title: A legal term that recognizes an Aboriginal interest in the land. It is based on the long-standing use and occupancy of the land by today’s Aboriginal peoples as the descendants of the original inhabitants of Canada.

First Nation: A term that came into common usage in the 1970s to replace the word “Indian,” which some people found offensive. Although the term First Nation is widely used, no legal definition of it exists. Among its uses, the term “First Nations peoples” refers to the Indian peoples in Canada, both Status and non-Status. Some Indian peoples have also adopted the term “First Nation” to replace the word “band” in the name of their community.

Indian: Indian peoples are one of three groups of people recognized as Aboriginal in the Constitution Act, 1982. It specifies that Aboriginal people in Canada consist of Indians, Inuit and Métis. Indians in Canada are often referred to as: Status Indians, non-Status Indians and Treaty Indians.

Status Indian: A person who is registered as an Indian under the Indian Act. The act sets out the requirements for determining who is an Indian for the purposes of the Indian Act.

non-Status Indian: An Indian person who is not registered as an Indian under the Indian Act.

Treaty Indian: A Status Indian who belongs to a First Nation that signed a treaty with the Crown.

Indian status: An individual's legal status as an Indian, as defined by the Indian Act.

land claims: In 1973, the federal government recognized two broad classes of claims — comprehensive and specific. Comprehensive claims are based on the assessment that there may be continuing Aboriginal rights to lands and natural resources. These kinds of claims come up in those parts of Canada where Aboriginal title has not previously been dealt with by treaty and other legal means. The claims are called “comprehensive” because of their wide scope. They include such things as land title, fishing and trapping rights and financial compensation. Specific claims deal with specific grievances that First Nations may have regarding the fulfilment of treaties. Specific claims also cover grievances relating to the administration of First Nations lands and assets under the Indian Act.

Métis: People of mixed First Nation and European ancestry who identify themselves as Métis, as distinct from First Nations people, Inuit or non-Aboriginal people. The Métis have a unique culture that draws on their diverse ancestral origins, such as Scottish, French, Ojibway and Cree.     We are not Metis.......

tribal council: A regional group of First Nations members that delivers common services to a group of First Nations.            More terminology

 

Turtle Island

Page created by: muckwa
Changes last made on: July 19, 2005.